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More than 2000 links are organized into 25 categories.  Browse the categories and sub categories to find links to web sites with information you can use to build and sustain strong organizations helping youth move through school and into jobs and careers.  Some of the links point to older pages on some web sites. Click to the "home" page to find the most current information being shared. Look for social media links and connect with these organizations in social media. Look for the resource pages and visit sites that these organizations point to. This is a huge resource and it keeps growing. As you get to know what's here, by frequent visits,  it will grow in its value to you.

Note: Inclusion of a link in this web site does not indicate an endorsement of any kind for the links that are included. 


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Main » Research, Resources » Social Capital
  Links Category: Social Capital
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‘Our Kids,’ by Robert D. Putnam - NY Times Book Review
This is a review of a 2015 book by Robert Putnam, titled “Our Kids: The American Dream in Crisis” which focuses on the advantages of growing up in affluent families and disadvantages of growing up in poor families, and how these impact lives and social/economic opportunity.

Hits:  1490Report Broken Link
America Moving toward Caste Society - Putnam 2014
In this interview Harvard academic Robert Putnam talks about "the death of the American Dream and why being poor in America is no longer a matter of race." Supporters of volunteer-based tutoring/mentoring should use this as further evidence of where and why mentor-rich programs are needed.

Hits:  1138 Report Broken Link
Bridging and Bonding Social Capital - World Bank article
This is one of many articles where the difference between "bridging" and "bonding" social capital is discussed.

Hits:  54Report Broken Link
Data and Society - research institute
From the web site "Data & Society is a research institute in New York City that is focused on the social and cultural issues arising from data-centric technological development."

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Economic Inequality and Poverty Gap - Putnam
This is article from central Oregon newspaper about Robert Putnam's 2015 book titled "Our Kids: The American Dream in Crisis”. Any community with divisions between rich and poor should include this article, and the book, as part of their community reading.

Hits:  246Report Broken Link
Social Capital Role in Empowering Low-Status Youth
The full title of this paper is "A Social Capital Framework for the Study of Institutional Agents & Their Role in the Empowerment of Low-status Students & Youth", Written by Ricardo D. Stanton-Salazar, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Education Rossier School of Education University of Southern California. This paper provide rich thinking about the role "that non-family adults agents play in the social development, socialization, formal and informal education, and social mobility of adolescents" and provides many reasons to support mentor-rich non-school tutor/mentor programs operating in high poverty neighborhoods.

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Social Mobility in America - 2016 article
This article illustrates that where you are born and who your parents are has huge impact on life-well-being. Includes quote saying "No single program does very much to close the gap between children from lower- and higher-income families. But the combined effects of multiple programs – that is, from intervening early and often in a child's life – has a surprisingly big impact." Public/Private sector strategies that fill high poverty neighborhoods with a variety of youth supports should be one response to this article.

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A New Conceptualistion of Social Capital
This article by Tristan Claridge uses a variety of diagrams to conceptualize social capital and account for the complexity between the determinants and consequences or outcomes of social capital.

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A SOCIAL CAPITAL THEORY OF CAREER SUCCESS
From the web site: "ABSTRACT: A SOCIAL CAPITAL THEORY OF CAREER SUCCESS

A theoretical model that integrates previously competing theories of social capital with the literature on career success was developed and tested with a sample of 448 employees in a range of occupations and organizations. Social capital was conceptualized in terms of network structure (weak ties and structural holes) and social resources (contacts in other functions and contacts at other organizational levels). Results of a SEM showed that network structure was related to social resources and that the effects of social resources on career success were fully mediated by three network benefits: access to information, access to resources, and career sponsorship."

Tutor/Mentor Connection Comment: If this is true for people in the workforce, can a case be made for mentoring as a strategy to expand social networks for disadvantaged youth, or to expand the networks for workplace volunteers?

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Addressing Social and Emotional Needs (ppt)
This link points to a ppt titled "Addressing Student Social and Emotional Needs', created by Michael E. Woolley, Ph.D., University of Chicago School of Social Service Administration. The following points are made in this ppt,

* Research consistently shows that a student’s attitudes and beliefs about school predict better behavior and academic performance "
* When student report more supportive adults—at home, in their neighborhood , and at school—they have higher levels of positive attitudes and behaviors about school.
*The presence of supportive adults reduces the impact of environmental risk factors.
* When student reported levels of risk factors and supportive adults are taken into account, race/ethnicity differences disappear, and family SES differences reduce.

How can leaders of volunteer-based tutor/mentor programs use this information to build funding support for volunteer-based tutor/mentor programs operating in non-school hours and at schools or community based organizations?

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Animated Introduction to Robert Putnam's book "Bowling Alone"
This short animated video introduces key social capital concepts from Robert Putnam's book, "Bowling Alone". It also illustrates how third party intermediaries can create content that helps other people understand ideas of people like Putnam, or that we post on http://tutormentor.blogspot.com

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Anyone mapping youth network changes?
The articles in this section of the Tutor/Mentor Connection NING forum web site are about social capital and how high amounts of "bonding" social capital and/or "bridging" social capital can have an influence on youth aspirations, habits and development. The Tutor/Mentor Connection still is looking for university and funding partners to develop a long-term study of tutor/mentor programs, to show changes in a youth and volunteer's network resulting from on-going participation in a mentor-rich program. Visit the link and read more.

Hits:  720 Report Broken Link
Assist Social Capital - building understanding of social capital
From the web site: "Assist Social Capital's aim is to increase understanding of the influence social capital has in communities, as a means to achieving positive social change and sustainable economic prosperity."

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Building bridging Social Capital in a Divided Society - research
The full title of this research is "Building bridging Social Capital in a Divided Society: the role of Participatory Citizenship Education" It examines the challenges and potential of using a participatory citizenship program in Northern Ireland to build bridging social capital connecting people in the region. Ideas can be applied to other places.

Hits:  235 Report Broken Link
Chicago's Poor Neighborhoods. Everything Deserts (article)
This Chicago Magazine article points to research done by Mario Luis Small, of University of Chicago, showing how poor neighborhoods of Chicago have less density of "places that employ people and provide things: restaurants, grocery stores, churches, banks, a whole list of stuff." See links to Small's research in the article.

Hits:  352Report Broken Link
Conceptualizing Social Capital among Young People (2004)
From the web site: "The concept of social capital has gained more recognition in the past few decades but has created conceptual confusion due to varying uses of the term by different writers. Definitional and methodological flaws plague the few studies that have explored social capital among young people. This paper offers a critical synthesis of the construct and also introduces a new theoretical framework of social capital among young people to encourage future research."

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Depressive Symptomatology - Social Capital article
The full name of this article is: Depressive Symptomatology, Exposure to Violence, and the Role of Social Capital Among African American Adolescents.  The findings suggest the importance of interrelationships among violence exposure, capital, and well-being for adolescents.

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Does Social Capital make a Difference?
From the abstract: "This article argues that social capital plays a central role in the ability of young people to "navigate" risk decisions and considers the types of social capital that provide the resources for young people to cope, manage and make informed choices about risk, and to act upon them, literally what it takes to be a risk navigator."

Hits:  1810 Report Broken Link
Family as Emotional Unit - Bowen Theory
This information is found on the web site of The Bowen Center for the Study of the Family and the Georgetown Family Center. "Bowen family systems theory is a theory of human behavior that views the family as an emotional unit and uses systems thinking to describe the complex interactions in the unit." This link points to Eight Concepts of this theory.

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Income Inequality - Social Mobility Research from The Equality Trust (UK) - pdf
This report deals with "the relationship between high income inequality and low levels of social mobility." See more like this at https://www.equalitytrust.org.uk/taxonomy/term/92

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infed.org - articles about social capital and informal learning
This site offers an extensive library of articles about social capital. The site is sort of a wikipedia-type collection of articles related to "Association, democracy and civil society, Community learning and development, Education, Ideas, Index, Social action, social change and social reform".

This map illustrates the range of articles in the library. http://www.instagrok.com/grok/?query=social+capital

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Linking Mentoring and Social Capital:
This article explores the connections between social capital and mentoring. You can read the abstract for free, but you need to pay to view the entire PDF.

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Long-term study of adult well-being - implications for mentoring
In the conclusion of this report the author writes: "Our findings show that social connectedness is a more important pathway to adult well-being (as we have defined it)than academic ability. There were also notable continuities in academic and social pathways which we have suggested may reflect high stability in the social context of early development. However, academic and social pathways were largely independent of each other across development, which points to the importance of parallel investments in the social development of children and adolescents during the school years. We have suggested that development of a social curriculum may provide structure in provision of program and activities that enhance social inclusion and connection." A case for making mentor-rich non-school programs available to youth can possibly be made from this study.


Hits:  341Report Broken Link
Measurement of Social Capital - Network Analysis
The Saguaro Seminar at Harvard University web site has an extensive list of resources and ideas for evaluation and measurement of changes in social capital that could result from intentional strategies like volunteer based tutoring/mentoring.

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Measurement of Social Capital - pdf
This 2003 article offers ideas on ways that social capital gains and benefits could be measured. If mentoring is a way to expand social capital for inner city youth we would need to find ways to measure these gains to demonstrate value to potential funders.

Hits:  315Report Broken Link

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